By Ivana Kottasova, CNN
Russia’s actions in Ukraine provide sufficient evidence to conclude that Moscow is inciting genocide and commit atrocities intended to destroy the Ukrainian people, according to the first independent report on allegations of genocide in that country.
The legal report, signed by more than 30 leading jurists and genocide experts, accuses the Russian state of violating several articles of the UN Genocide Convention. It warns that there is a serious and imminent risk of genocide in Ukraine, backing the charges with a long list of evidence, including examples of civilian massacres, forced deportations and dehumanizing anti-Ukrainian rhetoric used by senior Russian officials. .
The report was written by New Lines Institute for Strategy and Policya US-based think tank, and the Raoul Wallenberg Center for Human Rights which is based in Canada and slated for release on Friday, with the authors sending copies to parliaments, governments and international organizations around the world. An advance copy of the report was shared exclusively with CNN.
“We brought together the best legal experts from all over the world who then looked at all the evidence and they came to the conclusion that the Russian Federation bears responsibility for violations of the Genocide Convention in Ukraine,” said Azeem Ibrahim from the New Lines Institute at CNN. Ibrahim traveled to Ukraine in March to collect evidence for the report.
“It’s a very thorough and detailed review of a lot of evidence,” he said. “What we have seen so far is that this war is genocidal in nature, in terms of the language used and the way it is executed. It’s very, very clear.
Under the UN Genocide Convention, its signatories have a legal obligation to prevent genocide — and the report urges the international community to act.
“We don’t have time at all, we think there is a very serious risk of genocide,” Ibrahim said. “Every country that is a signatory to the Genocide Convention, and that’s 151 countries including the Russian Federation, every country has to do everything they can to put an end to this, or they will be in violation of the convention as well.”
In one of the most chilling parts of the report, the group draws a direct comparison to the Srebrenica massacre of 1995, urging the world to act before it’s too late: “Details of the mass murder of over 7,000 Bosnian Muslim boys and men in Srebrenica only emerged before the international community when it was too late to prevent a genocide that happened within days. In 2022, we have the ability to accurately track similar atrocities as they unfold and respond accordingly.
The report points the finger directly at Moscow, accusing senior Russian officials of orchestrating incitement to genocide and laying the groundwork for future genocide by repeatedly denying the existence of a Ukrainian identity.
The Kremlin strenuously disagreed with President Joe Biden’s statement in April that he viewed Russia’s actions in Ukraine as “genocide”.
New Lines and Raoul Wallenberg Center Report Says Russian State Violates Article II and Article III (c) of the Genocide Convention. Article II of the convention states that genocide is an attempt to commit acts “with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group”. Article III (c) concerns “direct and public incitement to commit genocide”.
As examples of evidence that Russia is violating the convention, experts point to repeated statements by Russian President Vladimir Putin, who made it clear that he believed Ukraine had no right to exist as an independent state.
They also point to the dehumanizing language used by senior Russian officials to describe Ukrainians – including worlds as “bestial”, “subordinate” and “dirt” – as well as their depiction of Ukraine as a “Nazi state” and a “existential threat”. in Russia.
But the report goes further than alleging that Russia intends to commit genocide, accusing Russian forces of committing “a pattern of constant and widespread atrocities against Ukrainian civilians collectively” during the invasion.
He says that the well-documented massacres and summary executions in Bucha, Stary Bykivand in the Sumy and Chernihiv regions, Russia’s deliberate attacks on shelters, escape routes and Health care facilities, as well as the blind targeting and the bombardment of residential areas, rapesseats, grain theft and forced deportations for Russia, it all amounts to a “genocidal pattern of destruction.”
CNN has independently confirmed many of the atrocities mentioned in the report.
The New Lines Institute and the Raoul Wallenberg Center previously investigated the Rohingya and Uyghur genocides in Myanmar and China respectively, and produced the first report that determined that China’s actions in Xinjiang constitutes genocide within the meaning of the Genocide Convention.
The team of authors includes David Scheffer, who played a pivotal role in talks establishing the International Criminal Court as the United States’ first roving ambassador for war crimes issues.
Former Canadian ambassador to the UN Allan Rock and Charles Taku, lead counsel for the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and the Special Court for Sierra Leone were also implicated.
In addition to lawyers and genocide experts, the team assembled by the New Lines Institute also includes open source intelligence investigators and linguists who have reviewed communications intercepts and testimonies.
™ & © 2022 Cable News Network, Inc., a WarnerMedia company. All rights reserved.
CNN’s Rebecca Wright contributed reporting.